1. Look at the data you have to analyse carefully. 仔细观察需要分析的数据。
•The data is presented in a graph(bar, line, etc.), pie chart, table, map, or process.
•Think about the main trends and tendencies.
•There is usually a comparison needed – concentrate on that.
•Do not pay too much attention to the details.
•Pay attention to the way the data is presented – numbers, percentages, directions, etc.
2. Follow stages 2, 3, and 4 from General Task 1 above.
之后的写作流程请于上文培训类作文一的第2、3 、4 步相同。
General/Academic Task 2 培训类/学术类作文二
1. Read the essay question carefully and decide on the type of essay – opinion or argumentative; one viewor two views (agree/disagree)
•Essays are usually semi-formal so no informal language and expressions.
2. Plan your ideas carefully. 仔细列出论述要点。
•What is the main argument? 你的主要论点是什么？
•How many examples do you need to provide? 你准备提供几个例证？
•How many views do you need to present? 你准备陈述几个观点？
•Do you agree or disagree with the main statement. WHY?
•What are your supporting arguments for both views.
•Don’t forget – do not write full sentences at the planning stage! Just write down your ideas using bullet points/mind maps.
3. Write your answer for about 30 minutes. See more tips from stage 3 of General Task 1 above.
•Pay attention to the structure of the essay: introduction (2-3 sentences), body (2-3 paragraphs), and conclusion (2-3 sentences).
注意文章架构：引言（2 – 3 句）、正文（2 – 3 段）、结论（2 -3句）。
Introduction – paraphrase the main argument and give your opinion.
Body – you can structure it in different ways but make sure you have paragraphs. Each paragraph should start with a topic sentence which states the argument of the paragraph. Then develop the argument providing supporting ideas. The paragraphs should be linked through cohesive devices and there should be a flow throughout the essay.
Conclusion – make sure you havea conclusion! Repeat and re-state the main argument you have written about.
4. Allow time (about 5 mins) to read what you have written and correct simple mistakes.
Q2: How large a vocabulary isneeded to get a Band 7 for Writing? Does vocabulary really matter in Writing?
To achieve a Band 7 in Writing, a large vocabulary matters a lot. If you look at the IELTS public band descriptors (see here), you’ll notice that the Band 7 category for vocabulary (“Lexical Resource”) says the following:
•Uses a sufficient range of vocabulary to allow some flexibility and precision;
•Uses less common lexical items with some awareness of style and collocation;
•May produce occasional errors in word choice, spelling and/or word formation
It is important to pay attention to the phrase “sufficient range”. This means that you need to use a wide range of simple AND less common vocabulary. For example, if the topic of the question relates to cars, don’t just keep writing “cars” for the whole essay; use less common synonymsfor “car” like “vehicle”, “automobile”, etc. It would be unnatural to only useless common vocabulary, so remember to use a mixture of simple and more complex words.
在上述标准中，“足够的词汇”这一表述非常值得注意，系指考生需要广泛运用的简单词汇和不太常见的词汇。例如，如果题干的主题与汽车有关，则考生要避免通篇反复使用“cars ”这个单词，可以使用与“ car ”意思相近的非常见词汇，如“vehicle ”、“ automobile ”等。但如果考生通篇都用非常见的词汇，则整篇作文会显得不太自然，因此，最好是综合运用简单词汇与较复杂的词汇。
It is also important that you show “some awareness of style and collocation” as you use less common vocabulary. This means that you shouldn’t just use a less common word because you memorized it; you should be able to use it in an appropriate context where native speakers would be likely to use it. To become skilled at this, you should: